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好戲分享: Born on the forth of July

2019-06-30
《Born on the Fourth of July 七月四日誕生》是一部1989年上映,根據美國越戰退伍老兵Ron Kovic 的同名暢銷自傳體小說改編的美國戰爭電影。 劇情講述Ron父親曾經參加兩次世界大戰,是一名優秀的軍人羅尼繼承了父親的事業和志向,小時就夢想成為一個頂天立地的男子漢,戰死沙場、馬革裹屍,佐另一方面,他是基督徒,而且內心善良淳樸,充滿愛心。一天,全家聚集在電視前聆聽當時美國總統甘迺迪的演講,號召美國人團結起來抵制共產主義,這番演講為Ron 影響十分大。高中時候,Ron選擇參加美國海軍陸戰隊,最後他奉命參加越南戰爭,在越南戰爭中,他親眼目睹戰爭的殘酷和無情,美軍和越軍為了勝利,不擇手段,各使毒手,越軍經常使用人肉炸彈,一人換來幾十條美軍的生命;而美軍則對越軍進行大屠殺來殺害敵人。在一次戰事中,Ron 誤殺了自己的戰友Wilson,後來自己也被越軍打垮,雙腿癱瘓,經過全力搶救,留下了他的生命,但是他從此終身坐在輪椅上。回到家鄉的Ron 一直為自己在戰爭中的行為困擾不已,經常出現幻覺,此時此刻,美國國內瀰漫著反戰的各種氣氛,學校停課、人民遊行示威,羅尼也加入了反戰遊行的隊伍中,成為了一個反戰宣傳者。 《七月四日誕生》上映後獲得了巨大的成功,在第62屆奧斯卡金像獎角逐中獲得了包括最佳影片獎在內的8項提名,最後獲得了導演和剪輯兩座獎。影片在商業和專業評論上更為成功,全球票房為1.61億美元。   Source:  Wikipedia  
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美軍海豹部隊應如何打破指揮鏈? How the U.S. Navy SEAL break the chain of command?

2019-06-20
在職場上,你或會曾經發現你的上級犯了一些嚴重的錯誤,而你卻不知如何處理或上諫? 美國海軍海豹部隊退伍的指揮官 Jocko Willink的建議,可能會為你提供一些有用的建議。為了保持整體有效的管治和軍紀,軍隊會設立層層式的指揮鏈,而部隊須絕對順從其長官的指令。不過,長官亦是凡人,有時或會發出有一些致命的錯誤指令,令整體軍隊陷於不利之中。在一層一層的分階管理中,軍人又如何直接越過其直屬上司,向更高層的長官報告進而解決問題呢? Jocko 認為「越級上諫」是非常非常嚴重的問題,它不但打破了指揮鏈和信任,更會破壞你一直以來建立的關係,造成無法彌補的傷害。他認為,若長官作出了一些「違法或不道德」的行為或決定,「越級上諫」應是你最後的手段。因此,他建議你應先自信及誠懇地與你的長官直接對話,以一種非威脅的方式提出意見,並強調「我們」而非「我」。至關重要的是,你不要讓自己成為一個能夠超越長官的人。如果對話不起作用,那麼你就有「責任」越過你的長官並與他們的上級交談了。 Jocko補充: 照著規矩來做事絕對是你最重要的原則。它可以保護你免於任何的譴責,畢竟規定就是這樣。在長官破壞了規矩而造成問題時,你既可以站在中立的角度給予建議,亦能避免ㄧ些不必要的麻煩。   In the workplace, you may have found that your superior has made some serious mistakes, but you do not know how to deal with or report. Jocko Willink, the fromer commander of the US Navy's SEAL, may provide you some useful advices. In order to maintain overall effective governance and discipline, the military will establish a layered chain of command, and the troops must absolutely obey the command of their officers. However, the sergeant is also a mortal and therefore he may make some disastrous mistakes that put the whole army in a disadvantage. In the hierarchical management system, how can a soldier directly overstep their sergeant and report the issue to the higher-ranking commanders? Jocko believes that "overstepping" is a very, very serious problem. It will not only break the chain of command and trust, but will also damage the relationship you have been building, causing irreparable harm. He believes that if the sergeant has made some "illegal or unethical" behaviors or decisions, "the overstepped reporting" should be your last resort. Therefore, he suggests that you should first talk to your sergeant with confidence and sincerity, present your opinions in a non-threatening manner and emphasize "we" rather than "me". It is vital that you don't make yourself a person who can go beyond the sergeant. If the conversation doesn't work, then you have the responsibility of "the overstepped reporting". Jocko added: doing things according to the rules is definitely your most important principle. It can prevent you from any condemnation since the rules are like this. When the sergeant breaks the rules and causes problems, you can give advice from a neutral perspective and avoid unnecessary troubles.    

美國海軍如何對付失眠? How does US Soldiers treat insomnia?

2019-06-09
我們都知道睡眠是十分重要,但是很少人真正懂得「睡眠」。生活在城市的你,就如在戰場上,無時無刻都面對到著各種的壓力,日夜顛倒。即使身心疲累,亦不一定能安心睡一個好覺。你有沒有想過在槍林彈雨的戰場上,士兵又如何能夠在生死關頭之中睡一個好覺?秘訣就在於他們有一套有系統的睡覺方法。這套方法或許能令你即使在生死關頭之下,亦能像戰士般安枕無憂。  在第二次世界大戰期間,由於戰場上的壓力,部分美國戰鬥機飛行員因此造成嚴重的失眠,並做出了許多可怕的、原本可以避免的錯誤決定。即使飛行員打卡休息(一種睡眠卡,裏面存的是能睡眠的時間),他們也無法放鬆,無法入睡。因此他們的壓力和疲勞越積越多,最後犯了一些致命的錯誤。因此,美國海軍研發了一套科學的方法﹕簡單的4個步驟就能讓你在任何情況下,在兩分鐘內就能在任何時間﹑任何地方入睡。經過訓練後,96% 的飛行員能在兩分鐘甚至更短的時間內入睡。   睡眠的方法如下: 放鬆臉部肌肉,包括舌頭,下巴和眼睛周圍的肌肉 將你的肩膀盡可能向外伸展,然後是你的上臂和下臂,一次一側 慢慢呼氣,隨著大腿慢慢放鬆直至胸部,然後放鬆雙腿 花10秒鐘放空你的想法,並慢慢想像下列其中一個畫面: 你正躺在一個在平靜湖面的獨木舟上,只有一片清澈的藍天 你躺在一間漆黑房間裡的黑色天鵝絨吊床上 你說“不思考,不思考,不思考”一遍又一遍,持續大約10秒鐘 We all know that sleep is very important, but few really understand "sleep".  Living in the city, just like on the battlefield, you face all kinds of pressure all the time. Even if you are physically and mentally tired, you may not be able to sleep well. Have you ever thought about how a soldier can sleep well on the battlefield where is full of danger and fear? The secret is that they have a systematic method of sleeping? During the Second World War, due to pressure on the battlefield, some American fighter pilots caused severe insomnia and made many horrible mistakes that could have been avoided easily. Even if the pilot checked the card (a kind of sleep card, there is a time to sleep), they could not relax and fell asleep. Their pressure and fatigue accumulate and finally make fatal mistakes. Therefore, the US Navy developed a scientific method (simple 4 steps) which allows the pilots to fall asleep during the day or night in less than two minutes. After training, 96% of pilots can fall asleep in two minutes or less.   The Sleep Method as follows: Relax the muscles in your face, including tongue, jaw and the muscles around the eyes Drop your shoulders as far down as they’ll go, followed by your upper and lower arm, one side at a time Breathe out, relaxing your chest followed by your legs, starting from the thighs and working down You should then spend 10 seconds trying to clear your mind before thinking about one of the three following images: You’re lying in a canoe on a calm lake with nothing but a clear blue sky above you You’re lying in a black velvet hammock in a pitch-black room You say “don’t think, don’t think, don’t think” to yourself over and over for about 10 seconds.